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风光摄影瀑布拍摄的5个技巧

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发表于 2013/10/22 14:41:11| 收藏

[楼主]

瀑布一向是我其中一个最喜欢拍摄的风景题材,水流的雾化跟石头坚硬的对比常常可以形成漂亮的构图,其实拍摄瀑布不困难,试试按以下6点心得去拍摄吧。
  (一) 把握适当的时机去拍摄

  雨后为拍摄瀑布的好时机

  拍摄瀑布最佳的时机是在雨后,这时水流量充足,不但可以令青苔显得更绿,也可以让水混和泥土,为瀑布加上一层金色的色彩。
  (二) 早一点到达景点

  适当的构图可以避开人群

  除非你目标的瀑布很难到达,否则通常也会挤满人群,试试早一点到达景点,让你可以独自于瀑布拍摄。若果真的有人群,尝试找一个空档拉近瀑布拍摄细节。
  (三) 不要忘记三脚架

  这张照片使用了6秒的快门

  如果水流急,1秒快门也可以令流水变滑

  如果你想令水流变得像雾一般有着梦幻的感觉,你需要使用三脚架来捕捉流水动态的同时又保持石头清晰。按水流的速度调整你的快门速度,越慢的快门可以令流水越滑。以下第一张的照片使用了6秒的快门,第二张的相片便用了1秒的快门。记得如果光线充足,你可以使用减光镜(ND Filter)来确保于慢快门下有正确的曝光。
  (四) 利用人物增加趣味
  为照片加上人物可以令其更吸引和富故事性。拍摄这张照片时我已经拍了多张没有人的瀑布照片,但之后决定等待一些人站在小桥上再拍摄。对我而言,一张带有人物的照片往往比只有风景的吸引人,因此不要害怕照片内有其他人的存在,但要留意快门速度不可过慢,否则人物便会糊掉了!

  不要害怕为照片加上适量的人物

  (五) 为照片加上一个前景
  另一个让照片更耐看的技巧便是替瀑布加上一个前景,看看以下的相片 – 如果没有了那块石头,照片便会变得平凡无味了!加上这块石头后因为水流流过,可以营造漂亮的动态效果。所以下次拍摄时记得不要心急,先四处看看有没有适当的前景吧!

  加上前景令照片更有趣

  (六) 小心相机和人身安全

  拍摄瀑布时要小心自身和相机的安全

  通常有瀑布的地方也会很湿滑,走在石头上时必须加倍小心。也建议拍摄时带塑料袋盖着相机以免弄湿,也可以预备一条抹布来去除镜头上的水滴。一支稳固的三脚架和云台可以确保你的相机不会于拍摄时掉到水里。
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本帖最后编辑时间发表于 2013/10/22 14:41:11