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准妈妈们孕早期孕吐的原因极其应对方法

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发表于 2013/11/15 10:25:30| 收藏

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  孕吐的原因


  一种保护行为。孕妇害喜呕吐是生物界保护腹中胎儿的一种本能。这种本能能够让孕妇提早察觉可能伤害宝宝的各种病菌或伤害物质,以确保这些东西不会进到孕妇体内,例如含有微生物或病原体的食物(如肉类),以避免给胎儿带来潜在的危险。

  激素是罪魁祸首。大多数专家认为是孕妇体内激素的增加刺激了大脑,而引起呕吐。

  传达一种信息。孕妇害喜呕吐主要是发生在怀孕的前几个月。妊娠中后期,胎儿会通过胎动来引起母亲的注意;但是怀孕前期胎儿正处于初期发展阶段,完全没有能力抵抗外力,表达不适。因此害喜的反应,实际上胎儿在向母亲传递自己存在的信息,提醒妈妈要保护好自己。某些因素也会增加孕吐的几率,如超重或多胞胎等。

  孕吐怎么办呢?孕早期呕吐有哪些应对的方法呢?

  孕吐怎么办

  吃点姜。2010年美国西悉尼大学研究发现,姜能减少孕早期恶心、呕吐的症状,孕妇可随身带一些姜茶或者姜糖。

  少量多餐。美国罗德岛妇幼医院的贝瑞博士建议,准妈妈只要觉得饿了,就可以吃东西,这种方法能减少孕吐。

  多吃原味食物。孕早期,最好不要尝试新鲜口味的食物,可以多吃富含碳水化合物的食物,如苏打饼干、香蕉等。另外,白米饭、原味酸奶、柠檬水、西瓜等也能减少孕吐。

  躺下来。波士顿布莱根妇女医院资深营养师艾里克建议,当你想呕吐时,不妨躺下来,这种方法可以有效缓解孕吐。

  换换饮料的温度。如果你看到热饮想吐,不妨换成冷饮。相反,如果冷饮让你更想吐,就可以换成热饮。贝瑞指出,孕吐反应的准妈妈更应该多喝水、多吃水果。

  闻闻柠檬。切开一个新鲜的柠檬,闻一闻,或者舔一舔。柠檬清新的香味和酸味能让许多孕妈妈缓解孕吐。
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本帖最后编辑时间发表于 2013/11/15 10:25:30