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海带当选最强长寿菜 吃海带都有什么养生功效

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发表于 2014/11/6 17:19:57| 收藏

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  众多赞美中,“长寿菜”应该是对蔬菜的最高褒奖了。海带,这种常出现在餐桌上的食物,自古就被冠以此称号,它到底有啥特别之处?

  海带味咸、性寒,入肝、胃、肾三经,具有消痰利水的功效。李时珍《本草纲目》中记载,海带“治水病瘿瘤,功同海藻。”现代研究表明,海带含胡萝卜素、B族维生素以及钙、铁等人体必需的营养素;海带含有多种具有药理作用的功能因子如海带淀粉(褐藻淀粉)、藻氨酸(褐藻氨酸)、昆布多糖、藻胶素、岩藻多糖、昆布氨酸等。随着科学研究的深入,人们发现,海带具有广泛的药理活性。

  防治缺碘性甲状腺肿。碘是合成甲状腺素的原料,缺碘时会引起甲状腺组织增生肿大。海带中富含碘,有助预防缺碘性甲状腺肿。

  抗肿瘤。海带中的昆布多糖可以通过激活巨噬细胞,抑制肿瘤细胞增殖而杀死肿瘤细胞,也可通过抑制肿瘤血管生成而抑制肿瘤生长,还可直接抑制肿瘤生长。

  抗凝血。海带中的岩藻聚糖和岩藻多糖都具有抗凝血作用。

  降压。海带的降压作用可能与它所含有的昆布氨酸和牛磺酸有关。高血压患者可常吃海带。

  降脂。海带在肠道中能将食糜中的脂肪带出体外,因此具有良好的降脂作用。

  降血糖。海带中的岩藻多糖是一种很好的膳食纤维,食用海带后能延缓胃排空和食物通过小肠的时间,有助控制血糖。

  提高免疫力。海带多糖是一种免疫调节剂。有研究表明,海带多糖对正常和免疫低下小鼠的免疫功能具有促进作用。

  抗放射。海带中的活性物质能阻止多种放射元素及有害重金属的吸收,或生成不溶化合物排出体外。

  海带吃法多样,可焯水后凉拌,也可短时间清炒或用来熬汤。
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本帖最后编辑时间发表于 2014/11/6 17:19:57