冬季煲汤驱寒暖身 煲汤六禁忌需谨记

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发表于 2014/12/3 16:08:05| 收藏

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  寒冷的冬天,妈妈们都会煲上一锅暖暖的汤给家人喝,既能补充营养又能暖和身体,只是煲汤的学问也很大的,你们知道煲汤用什么锅好吗?煲汤时哪些禁忌要知道的呢?如何煲汤才最营养美味呢?下面一起来看一下吧。



  煲汤用什么锅好


  砂锅


  锅是我们国家所特有的一种炊具,它的特点是导热性比较差,这一个特性不但不是砂锅的缺点,而且是它突出的优点。它可以使锅内的食物和汤汁长时间地保持在微微沸腾的状态,由于火小,时间又长,最后可以使肉烂,汤汁鲜美,别具风味。


  所以,砂锅炖鱼才是王道。古人云:病从口入,按现代医学的推论,人类的寿命远不至于现在的年龄,而是其两倍,如何才能达到自然寿命呢?专家建议大家使用砂锅:砂锅不含对人体有害的任何元素,煎炸炖煮对食物无任何质的变化,再加上合理的饮食,科学的食物调配,自然可以实现远离病魔,增加寿命。


  煲汤禁忌


  第一,加水少


  水是煲汤的关键,它既是传热的介质,更是食物的溶剂。人们在煲汤时容易犯的第一个错误是加水不够,导致中途加水,影响汤的风味。一般情况下,煲汤时的加水量应至少为食材重量的3倍。如果中途确实需要加水,应以热水为好,不要加冷水,这样做对汤的风味影响最小。


  第二,煲太久


  有些人总怕汤熬的时间太短不进味儿。其实,如果是煲肉汤,时间以半个小时至一个小时为最佳,这样既能保证口感,也能保证营养。时间过长会增加汤中嘌呤的含量,进而增加痛风的风险,同时食物中的营养也会慢慢流失。如果是炖骨头汤或猪蹄汤,时间可适当延长,但也不要超过3个小时。


  第三,乱加“料”


  不少人希望通过喝汤进补,因而在煲汤时会加入一些中药材。但不同的中药材特点各不相同,煲汤前,必须通晓中药的寒、热、温、凉等各性。比如,西洋参性微凉,人参、当归、党参性温,枸杞性平。另外,要根据个人身体状况选择中药材。比如,身体寒气过盛的人,应选择当归、党参等性温的中药材,但体质热的人吃后可能会上火。因此,在煲汤时如果想要加中药材,最好根据自己的体质来。


  第四,早加盐


  盐是煲汤时最主要的调料之一。有些人认为早点加盐可以让盐完全“融入”食材和汤中,提高汤的口感,这其实是一种误解。因为盐放太早会使肉中的蛋白质凝固,不易溶解,也会使汤色发暗,浓度不够。盐放得晚并不会影响汤的味道,反而还能使肉质保持鲜嫩。所以最好在快出锅时再加盐。


  第五,汤大沸


  煲汤时,开始时应该先用大火将汤煮开,然后转为文火煲汤。因为大火会使肉中的水分流失过快,导致其口感变差。控制火候以汤微微沸腾为好。


  第六,调料杂


  “多放调料提味儿”也是煲汤中的一大误区。调料太多太杂可能会串味儿,影响了汤原有的鲜味,也会影响肉本来的口感。一般来说,一种肉配合2~4种调料就比较完美,比如煲鸡汤时只需放入姜片、月桂叶和花椒即可。
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本帖最后编辑时间发表于 2014/12/3 16:08:05